The History of Project Management
By Timber Chinn, Northwest University
The specific discipline of project management began in the 20th Century, but project management has existed since the beginning of time. At its most basic, a project is something done once to accomplish a particular task in a specific period of time. People have always managed projects in order to build a home, launch a war, or move supplies from one place to another—all tasks done once in a set period of time. Mankind’s most awe-inspiring achievements throughout history were built using some form of the five standard project management process groups (initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing).
One of the first examples of such a project is the Giza Pyramid, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The Egyptians built this massive structure in about 20 years, from approximately 2580-2560 B.C. Archeologists believe that the Egyptians used highly-developed project management tools and concepts to achieve this success (Kozak-Holland, 2012, n. Read the Complete Article
History of Project Management
By Merrie Barron and Andrew R. Barron
Could the Great Wall of China, the pyramids, or Stonehenge have been built without project management? It is possible to say that the concept of project management has been around since the beginning of history. It has enabled leaders to plan bold and massive projects and manage funding, materials and labor within a designated time frame.
In late 19th century, in the United States, large-scale government projects were the impetus for making important decisions that became the basis for project management methodology such as the transcontinental railroad, which began construction in the 1860s. Suddenly, business leaders found themselves faced with the daunting task of organizing the manual labor of thousands of workers and the processing and assembly of unprecedented quantities of raw material.
Figure 1: This is what can happen without effective project management.
Near the turn of the century, Frederick Taylor (Figure 2) began his detailed studies of work. Read the Complete Article
The Past, the Present, and the Future of Project Management
By Paul Naybour
What will future hold for project management? Take a look at what history has to reveal to us to try and predict the trends for the future and then vote in our poll.
The 1950’s were the start of project management with the application of Taylor’s scientific management. Based on the marriage of the Henry Gantt time based chart and Fayol’s five principles of management planning organising, commanding, coordinating and controlling. These principles still form the foundation of our modern bodies of knowledge.
60’s: Learning to walk
The value of project management was demonstrated on major projects. Many of these projects have attained mythical status including the Polaris missile programme, the DuPont Corporation and Remington Rand Corporation development of the critical path (I bet they wish they had patented that!) The decade finished with the formation of the International Project Management Association (IPMA) in 1967, the PMI in 1969, forerunner of the APM, called Internet (another good name) in 1972. Read the Complete Article
The Evolution of Project Management
By Sandro Azzopardi
Importance of Project Management is an important topic because all organisations, be they small or large, at one time or other, are involved in implementing new undertakings. These undertakings may be diverse, such as, the development of a new product or service; the establishment of a new production line in a manufacturing enterprise; a public relations promotion campaign; or a major building programme. Whilst the 1980’s were about quality and the 1990’s were all about globalisation, the 2000’s are about velocity. That is, to keep ahead of their competitors, organisations are continually faced with the development of complex products, services and processes with very short time-to-market windows combined with the need for cross-functional expertise. In this scenario, project management becomes a very important and powerful tool in the hands of organisations that understand its use and have the competencies to apply it.
The development of project management capabilities in organisations, simultaneously with the application of information management systems, allow enterprise teams to work in partnership in defining plans and managing take-to-market projects by synchronising team-oriented tasks, schedules, and resource allocations. Read the Complete Article
Project Management: History and Evolution
By Bharat Bista
Project management, as we know it at present began to stretch its branches only a few decades ago, yet it was mounting around civilization from the beginning of history.
With an objective of maximum productivity with minimum participation, and to breed imagination into realism, human need for an optimal management system that can trigger workforce efficiency to yield product, that is predetermined and objectified was outlining a management system within the growth of human perception though out its evolution.
This stream of development in its respective path also had marked its course from its source, and events in its voyages were observed and registered in the pages of history.
Turning these pages, today we witness a simple endeavor to illustrate and analyze tasks through simple bar charts cultivated seed yesterday, and within a short span of time, it had grown to a gigantic tree of the project management industry we witness at present. Read the Complete Article