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Guidelines for Creating a RACI-ARCI Matrix (#4 in the series The RACI/ARCI Matrix for Structuring Roles in Project Management)
By Swapnil Gyani

Outcome of the RACI/ARCI process is a two-dimensional matrix, with functions or tasks on one axis and participants or roles on the other. Sample matrix might look like this:

Sample Raci/ARCI Matrix (Diagram)

Sample RACI/ARCI Matrix
There are certain guidelines that should be followed when RACI/ARCI matrix is created. Tasks or functions have to be named clearly and non-generic (not like “administrative work”) , using action verbs (for example, “monitor network performance”).

When you fill the table, you should keep in mind following rules:

  • The golden rule of the RACI/ARCI model is that there should be only one A. Two or more As will create confusion.
  • More than two Rs in the same row means duplication of work. In that case try to split the task into smaller pieces.
  • No Rs in a row means a gap, because nobody will be responsible and work will not be done. This can also mean that task is not needed.
  • If possible, place most of Rs and As at the leftmost side of the matrix. This improves overall clarity of the table.
  • Every row must contain one A and one R. However, same participant can be both responsible and accountable at the same time.
  • If there is a role with no Rs or As, reconsider if role is needed.

Swapnil Gyani is a management consultant based in Mumbai, India. He has an extensive experience in managing Organizational Learning and Development, Project Management and Account Implementation in the IT-Enabled Services industry. He now blogs regularly at Insightlopedia, his professional blog.

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